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TASK OF SPATIAL OBJECT ACCOMMODATION BASED ON THE USE OF FUZZY INFORMATION SITUATION

V. Ya. Tsvetkov, Dr. in technical sciences, full professor, Center for strategic analysis and development, deputy head. Research and Design Institute of design information, automation and communication on railway transport; This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
V. V. Oznamets, PhD, Professor, Head of the chair. Moscow State University of Geodesy and Cartography (MIIGAiK). Moscow, Russia; This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The problem of locating a spatial object under fuzzy information is considered. The aim of the work is the development and presentation of placement method through the application of a model of fuzzy information situation. The article reveals the problem of placement. The paper introduces new concepts: fuzzy information situation and fuzzy spatial information situation. The difference between clear information situation and unclear information situation is shown. The article describes the relationship between linguistic variables and information situation. It is shown that the search for an optimum is based on the intersection of fuzzy sets. The article provides the solution to the problem in two versions: subject to the equivalence of placement criteria and under condition of their inequality. The conditions and limitations of this method are described. The article recommends the use of the term «expediency» in soft calculations instead of the term «optimality». The method allows for spatial analysis with a sufficiently large number of criteria.

Key words: fuzzy sets, soft calculations, spatial analysis, information situation, fuzzy information situation.

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