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The index of citationis the indicator of the "significance" of the works of a scientist accepted in scientific world representing the number of references to the publications of a scientist in peer-reviewed scientific periodicals.  The presence of the scientists with high index of citation is the indicator of highly effective activity of the organization as a whole. 


Hirsch index – scientometric indicator offered by an American physicist Jorje Hirsch from San-Diego University, California (USA) in 2005 as an alternative to the classic “citationindex” – total number of references to the works of a scientist. The criterion is based on the account for the number of publications of a researcher and the number of citations of these publications.


A scientist has h index if h of his N articles have been cited at least h times each. Here with the number of works cited less oftenc an be any.




h-indexequalto 10 means that a scientist has published not less than 10 works each of which has been cited 10 or more times. Here with the works cited less often can be of any number. In a scientific world it is commonly thought that a successful scientist in the field of physics has h-index higher than 10. The Nobel winners have their h-index equal to 60 or more. At the same time, even the most successful foreign scientists working in the field of machine-building have their h-index not higher than 15.


Nowadays a national information-analytical system of scientific citation (RSCI) as well as a large number of international citation systems (bibliographic databases): Web of Science, Scopus, Web of Knowledge, Astrophysics, PubMed, Mathematics, Chemical Abstracts, Springer, Agris, GeoRef. The most established systems from all foreign ones existing at present and the indexes of which are accepted worldwide are: «Web of Science» and its competitor–comparably young system «Scopus». The journals entering these systems are officially recognized by the Higher Attestation Commission (VAK).


Russian science citation index (RSCI) is national information analytical system accumulating more than 2 million publications of Russian authors as well as the information about the citation of these publications from more than 2000 Russian journals. It is intended not only to provide scientific investigations with actual reference and bibliographic information but is also a powerful tool allowing to evaluate the effectiveness of the activity performed by scientific organizations, scientists, the level of scientific journals, etc. See


The system «Web of Science» (former name - Institute for Scientific Information, ISI) covers more than 9000 publications in English and partly German languages (since 1980) and includes three databases - Science Citation Index Expanded (in natural sciences), Social Sciences Citation Index (in social sciences), Arts and Humanities Citation Index (in art and humanities sciences). Percentage of the disciplines represented in Web of Science is as follows: 25-27% - technical and applied sciences, 30% - social and humanities sciences, 43-45% - the block of natural sciences (including 15-18% - sciences about the Earth, biology and medicine).


The system «Scopus» represents the largest world multidisciplinary bibliographic database (since 1995 г.) being daily updated. «Scopus» is the largest database of scientific publications containing abstracts and citations for academic journal articles. One of its main functions is the information about citation embedded in the search system. Scopus covers more than 15 thousand scientific journals from 4 thousand scientific publishing houses in the world including approximately 200 Russian journals, 13 million of patents from USA, Europe and Japan, proceedings of scientific conferences.In contrast to Web of Science Scopus doesn’t include publications in humanities and art disciplines, contains a small percentage of journals in social sciences – not more than 17% and taken in percentage, it has vaster database of publications in natural science and technology - 83%.


Manual of RSCI user

Manual of Scopus system user
    Manual of web of Science system user
    List of the journals recommended by Higher Attestation Commission
    List of Russian journals in Scopus database
    List of Russian journals in Web of Science database
    How to increase your index of scientific citation